cultural match

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First Nation Constitutions

First Nation Constitutions

A constitution is a solid foundation for First Nations to move ahead in self-government and in nation-building activities. Your constitution will be specific to your community. It should address your community’s sense of itself, how you are governed, how the membership has input into governance,…

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Minding Our Own Businesses: how to create support in First Nations communities for Aboriginal Business

Minding Our Own Businesses: how to create support in First Nations communities for Aboriginal Business

The purpose of the project was to investigate what other First Nations have done to support their small business operators, and to create a process to look at what could be done in your community...

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Strategies for Creating Offender Reentry Programs in Indian Country

Strategies for Creating Offender Reentry Programs in Indian Country

Weed and Seed, a community-based strategy sponsored by DOJ, is an innovative, comprehensive, multi-agency approach to law enforcement, crime prevention, and community revitalization. The strategy aims to prevent, control, and reduce violent crime, drug abuse, and gang activity in designated high-…

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Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin: Food Sovereignty, Safe Water, and Tribal Law

Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin: Food Sovereignty, Safe Water, and Tribal Law

An example of a Native American community working to achieve food sovereignty not only with physical nutrients but also with social elements is the Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin. This article analyzes the strengths of the Oneida Tribe's approach to preserving water quality and fishing…

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Aboriginal Youth Entrepreneurship: Success Factors and Challenges

Aboriginal Youth Entrepreneurship: Success Factors and Challenges

Aboriginal people (First Nations, Métis and Inuit) and their communities in the north face many obstacles and challenges. There are, however, tremendous opportunities to promote and enhance Aboriginal participation in the economy. Aboriginal youth entrepreneurs are key to building a healthy…

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Best Practices Case Study (Expansion of Jurisdiction): Tsawwassen First Nation

Best Practices Case Study (Expansion of Jurisdiction): Tsawwassen First Nation

Tsawwassen First Nation (TFN) is located in the Metro-Vancouver area of British Columbia. In 2007, following 14 years of negotiations, TFN signed a treaty with Canada and B.C. It was the first treaty reached under the BC Treaty Commission (BCTC) process and the first urban treaty. The Effective…

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Best Practices Case Study (Cultural Alignment of Institutions): Teslin Tlingit Council

Best Practices Case Study (Cultural Alignment of Institutions): Teslin Tlingit Council

Situated in southern Yukon, the Teslin Tlingit people have a clan system of government. That clan system of government operated for years prior to the imposition of the Indian Act. Through the Indian Act, traditional governance was separated from formal decision making power and authority. Then in…

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Best Practices Case Study (Cultural Alignment of Institutions): San Carlos Apache

Best Practices Case Study (Cultural Alignment of Institutions): San Carlos Apache

Traditional Apache culture is based on an intimate spiritual connection with and knowledge of the natural world. Apache elders believe that connection is necessary to respect one’s self, other humans and all living things. The San Carlos Apache elders living in San Carlos in northern Arizona have…

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Tribal Law as Indigenous Social Reality and Separate Consciousness: [Re]Incorporating Customs and Traditions into Tribal Law

Tribal Law as Indigenous Social Reality and Separate Consciousness: [Re]Incorporating Customs and Traditions into Tribal Law

At some point in my legal career, I recall becoming increasingly uncomfortable with the inconsistencies between the values in the written law of various indigenous nations and the values I knew were embedded in indigenous societies themselves. The two are not entirely in harmony, and in fact, in…

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Best Practices Case Study (Rule of Law): Nisga’a Nation

Best Practices Case Study (Rule of Law): Nisga'a Nation

Nisga’a Nation, comprised of four communities; New Aiyansh, Gitwinksihlkw, Laxgalt’sap, and Gingolx, is located in north western B.C. In the 1890s, Nisga’a hereditary chiefs and matriarchs formed the Nisga’a Land Committee and began to aggressively pursue self-government and title to their…

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What Determines Indian Economic Success? Evidence from Tribal and Individual Indian Enterprises

What Determines Indian Economic Success? Evidence from Tribal and Individual Indian Enterprises

Prior analysis of American Indian nations’ unemployment, poverty, and growth rates indicates that poverty in Indian Country is a problem of institutions—particularly political institutions—not a problem of economics per se. Using unique data on Indian-owned enterprises, this paper sheds light…

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From Gove to Governance: Reshaping Indigenous Governance in the Northern Territory

From Gove to Governance: Reshaping Indigenous Governance in the Northern Territory

This paper attempts to identify the key challenges facing Indigenous people and governments in reshaping the architecture of Indigenous governance in the Northern Territory of Australia, and considers some strategic options for a way forward. First, a brief historical background is provided to…

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Systems of Conflict Resolution Within First Nations Communities: Honouring The Elders, Honouring The Knowledge

Systems of Conflict Resolution Within First Nations Communities: Honouring The Elders, Honouring The Knowledge

First Nations people are well aware that many of our governments and citizens struggle to move beyond the violence and dysfunction that characterizes some individuals, families and communities. Within some community settings, drugs and alcohol prevail, family members are involved in the justice…

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Colonial Fracture And Community Cohesion: Governance In The Stó:Lõ Community Of Shxw'õwhámél

Colonial Fracture And Community Cohesion: Governance In The Stó:Lõ Community Of Shxw'õwhámél

This paper has three goals: 1) To briefly outline the process through which Shxw’õwhámél came to adopt the Siyá:m System in 1994; 2) to highlight certain concerns about the limitations of that system as articulated by community members in 2006; and 3) to provide a detailed discussion of those…