Secretary of Interior approval clause

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Tribal Constitutions

Tribal Constitutions

Modern tribal nations pass laws, exercise criminal jurisdiction, and enjoy extensive powers when it comes to self-governance and matters of sovereignty. And of 566 tribal nations, just under half have adopted written constitutions. In the American tradition, a constitution limits the power yielded…

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Gila River Indian Community Tribal Constitutional Reform Project

Gila River Indian Community Tribal Constitutional Reform Project

The Gila River Constitutional Reform Task Force created this presentation in conjunction with its comprehensive public information campaign to educate community members about Gila River's recent reform process and the importance of a constitution created by the community. 

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Pueblo of Laguna: Secretarial Election

Pueblo of Laguna: Secretarial Election

As the Pueblo of Laguna prepared for a Secretarial Election to remove the Secretary of Interior approval clause, the leadership developed an educational process for the community to understand the process. This presentation provides an overview of Laguna core values, their traditional governance…

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Rethinking Rewriting: Tribal Constitutional Amendment and Reform

Rethinking Rewriting: Tribal Constitutional Amendment and Reform

This essay examines the recent wave of American Indian tribal constitutional change through the framework of subnational constitutional theory. When tribes rewrite their constitutions, they not only address internal tribal questions and communicate tribal values, but also engage with other…