Global impacts of extractive and industrial development projects on Indigenous Peoples’ lifeways, lands, and rights


To what extent do extractive and industrial development pressures affect Indigenous Peoples’ lifeways, lands, and rights globally? We analyze 3081 environmental conflicts over development projects to quantify Indigenous Peoples’ exposure to 11 reported social-environmental impacts jeopardizing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous Peoples are affected in at least 34% of all documented environmental conflicts worldwide. More than three-fourths of these conflicts are caused by mining, fossil fuels, dam projects, and the agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and livestock (AFFL) sector. Landscape loss (56% of cases), livelihood loss (52%), and land dispossession (50%) are reported to occur globally most often and are significantly more frequent in the AFFL sector. The resulting burdens jeopardize Indigenous rights and impede the realization of global environmental justice.

Resource Type

Arnim Scheidel et al. (June 7, 2023)Global impacts of extractive and industrial development projects on Indigenous Peoples’ lifeways, lands, and rights. Science Advances. Vol 9, Issue 23. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.ade9557.

Related Resources


On May 18, 2018 at the Native American and Indigenous Studies Association (NAISA) Conference in Los Angeles, six leading scholars discussed the landscape and global opportunities and challenges Indigenous peoples face in the growing Indigenous data sovereignty movement. The presentations…

Good Practice Guide: Indigenous Peoples and Mining

It is important that companies take the time to properly understand the communities they work with including their particular context, concerns and aspirations. This Guide aims to assist companies to achieve those constructive relationships with Indigenous Peoples. 

Native American Lands and Natural Resource Development

The rules that govern oil, gas and mining on American Indian tribal lands are complex, and the tribes that seek economic development through natural resources face a range of challenges. In this report, Revenue Watch gives an overview of the issues and describes current approaches to natural…