Mescalero Apache Tribe: Innovative approaches to climate change adaptation


There is no disagreement that the climate in the Sacramento Mountains has been getting warmer and dryer in recent years. Indeed, the temperature and drought regimes of late have been described as extreme by state meteorologists. The winter season, the period of time between the first freeze and the last freeze, has grown shorter, while Indian Summers, the time between the beginning of fall and the first freeze has grown longer. The overall temperature during the spring and summer is higher, and the duration of both seasons (winter and Indian Summer) is longer.

Native Nations
Resource Type

Montoya, Michael. Mescalero Apache Tribe: Innovative approaches to climate change adaptation. Developed with assistance from Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals. Northern Arizona University. Flagstaff, Arizona. January 2013. Paper. (, accessed March 23, 2015)

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