As old ways faded on reservations, tribal power shifted


Long before the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act transformed tribal government, before nepotism and retaliation became plagues upon reservation life, there were nacas.

Headsmen, the Lakota and Dakota called them. Men designated from their tiospayes, or extended families, to represent their clans when they came together for larger tribal matters, such as where to hunt that year...

Resource Type

Young, Steve. "As old ways faded on reservations, tribal power shifted." Argus Leader. April 27, 2014. Article. (, accessed March 3, 2023)

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